Want to reduce your grocery budget by hundreds of dollars a year and eat better than ever?
Then ditch the meat. Or at least reduce how much you eat.
A study published in the Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition compared a government recommended meal plan with a plant-based meal plan and calculated the savings to be at least $750 a year (this is an American study).
What’s more, the vegetarian meal plan had 25 more servings of vegetables a week.
As well as better for your wallet.
For the record, I’m not a vegetarian. And you don’t have to give up meat completely to save money on the groceries if you don’t want to. I’ll be covering ways to save on meat in the next article.
But most of us tend to eat too much meat and can benefit from eating less.
How do you get enough protein without eating meat?
And if you’re used to serving meat at each meal, what do you eat on meat-free nights?
What you need to know about protein to stay healthy
Protein is a macronutrient like fat and carbohydrates, which means we need relatively large amounts compared to micro nutrients like vitamins.
Unlike fats and carbohydrates, however, protein can’t be stored, so it’s important to eat enough protein on a daily basis.
Protein is important for repairing tissue, making hormones and enzymes and is an important building block of bone, muscle, cartilage, skin and blood.
As far as diet goes, protein stabilises blood sugar and leaves you feeling fuller for longer.
How much protein should you be eating each day?
It is generally recommended that you eat 0.8 – 1 gram of protein per 1 kilogram of body weight each day. This is about 55g for the average male and 45g per day for the average female at a healthy weight.
To give you an idea of what that looks like, there are about 15 grams of protein in 1 cup of cooked kidney beans.
While animal products are an efficient way eat protein, you don’t need to eat them to get your daily dose.
You can get all the protein you need on a vegetarian or vegan diet.
The key is to eat:
- Whole foods like whole grains, vegetables, legumes, nuts etc.
- Eat a variety of these each day
If you’re eating a variety of whole foods each day, you’ll be getting your required protein.
5 Excellent Frugal Plant-Based Protein Sources
While all plants contain protein, some are better sources than others. As long as you’re eating a wide variety of vegetables and whole grains, you’ll have your protein needs covered.
Here are some of the best sources of plant-based protein.
1. Beans and Legumes
Yet again, beans and legumes come up trumps in a frugal diet!
They are high in protein, making them an excellent non-meat source of protein, plus they are loaded with fibre, keeping you feeling fuller for longer.
Check out the first post in this series for ideas for cooking with beans. You can cook and freeze beans to make dried beans as convenient as tinned. And to save money on electricity, you can cook beans in a DIY thermal cooker.
2. Soy Products
While the jury is still deciding whether soy is healthy or not (there’s a big difference between eating whole food forms of soy and eating processed soy derivatives that you find in most processed foods), it is a tried and true source of non-meat protein.
The best soy products come in the form of edamame, tofu and tempeh.
Edamame – young soy beans, usually sold still in their pods – can be found in the frozen vegetable section of the supermarket. Boil the pods in water but don’t eat the pods, just the beans inside. Edamame also comes dry roasted for snacking on.
Tofu usually comes in varying forms of hardness.
Silken and soft tofu is good for making sauces, dips and vegan ‘cream’. It has thickening agent,
Firm and Extra Firm is good for frying, baking, steaming and is used in curries, stir fries, scrambled or as ‘steaks’.
Because it doesn’t have a distinct flavour of its own, it takes on the flavour of whatever sauce you pair it with so it tastes wonderful marinated. I found this tofu stir fry on Pinterest the other day and gave it a try – it’s a great way to prep and cook tofu and it was delicious as well.
Tempeh is also made from soy, but it has been fermented, which means it’s more easily digested. I found it at Coles but not Woolworths for around $4 for 300g.
I haven’t eaten tempeh, but it’s reported to be firm with a textured, nutty ‘mushroomy’ flavour, making it a popular meat substitute.
Not sure what to do with Tempeh? Here are 16 ideas to get you started.
3. Nuts and Seeds
Frugal nuts that are high in protein are peanuts and peanut butter (ok, they are technically a legume).
High protein seeds include pumpkin seeds, which are great added to baking or homemade toasted muesli.
Sesame seeds are also high in protein and are great eaten as tahini paste. Couple it with chickpeas for a healthy hummus, add a spoonful to your smoothie or make a tahini dressing for a protein boost to your next salad.
4. Whole grains
All whole grains include some amount of protein but there is one grain that stands out.
Quinoa is a ‘complete’ protein. While it’s more expensive than other grains, it’s a whole lot cheaper than most meat, so you come out on top.
You can substitute rice with quinoa in most dishes.
5. Nutritional Yeast
Nutritional yeast is deactivated yeast made from a single-celled organism, Saccharomyces Cerevisiae. It is also a vegan source of vitamin B12, which is a nutrient that’s hard to get without supplements if you don’t eat any animal products.
It has a strong ‘cheesy’ flavour giving a savoury richness to vegan savoury dishes. If you’re wondering what to do with it, here are some ideas.
Making Veggie Meals Appealing to Die-Hard Carnivores
Is your partner a steak-and-potatoes kind of person?
My husband is.
It can be challenging introducing vegetarian meals to your meat-loving family.
Here are some tips for eating more plant-based meals while keeping your meat lovers happy.
- Start with just one meal a week – a meatless Monday for instance.
- You don’t need to go from steak to raw vegan – start with an egg-based frittata or a creamy mushroom pasta.
- Umami is the forgotten ‘taste’ (like bitter or sweet or salty). Meat has an umami taste, so up the umami of your vegetarian meal with flavours like soy sauce, mushrooms, tomatoes and toasted nuts or seeds.
- Give your dishes lots of flavour with herbs and spices so it doesn’t matter that there’s no meat. These vegetarian nachos are always a winner in our house.
- Make your vegetarian meal hearty and filling with plenty of fibre and plant-based protein.
Eating less meat is one step to take to reducing your grocery budget and eating healthy at the same time. If you’re concerned about getting enough protein, you can rest assured that you will eat enough protein on a varied plant-based diet.
And if you include dairy and eggs, or if you only meatless on some days, you’ll be sure to be getting enough.